Eight countries have accepted to sign the Artemis Accord. The Artemis Accord is a set of rules and guidelines surrounding the Artemis Program for a proper and screwed exploration of the moon. The countries which signed this Accord include Italy, Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan, the US, UAE and Luxembourg. The main aim of those supporting the Accord is to return humans to the moon by the year 2024 and also establish a crewed lunar base in the year 2030.
Despite the whole issue being seen as drastic progress, some countries have solved severe concerns about all the problems started on the Accord and hence chose to decline to sign the document. There has earlier been the existence of some attempts to try and govern space, such as the painstakingly negotiated treaties. An example is the Outer Space Treaty of 1967; this treaty laid down some foundational principles to govern human space exploration. The treaty stated that the probe should be peaceful and beneficial for all humankind. Another example is the moon agreement of the year 1979. This treaty was made to prevent commercial exploration of outer space; however, it was ratified by very few states, with China’s likes, the US and Russia rejecting it.
As per the current situation, the greatest worry is how other states will behave in the issue regarding moon exploration that the US is seriously pursuing the Artemis Program. It is believed that the signing of the Artemis Accord is a representation of a significant political to try and codify some critical principles of the law of space and then apply them to the entire program. A country such as Russia has openly criticized the Artemis, stating that the document is so much US-Centric, and they can’t sign it I its current form. It is also clear that the European Space Agency has not signed the Accord despite its being the head organization though many of its member countries have.
Ultimately, the Artemis Accord is taken to be a revolutionary act in space study and exploration. Despite all these, the fact that it is facing rejection from China and Russia is a clear sign that the whole Accord is just about to face some diplomatic resistance, which could be a potential source of provocation of the UN forums’ antagonism.